In operando evidence of deoxygenation in ionic liquid gating of YBa2Cu3O7-X.

Citation data:

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN: 1091-6490, Vol: 114, Issue: 2, Page: 215-220

Publication Year:
2017
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PMID:
28028236
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.1613006114
Author(s):
Perez-Muñoz, Ana M, Schio, Pedro, Poloni, Roberta, Fernandez-Martinez, Alejandro, Rivera-Calzada, Alberto, Cezar, Julio C, Salas-Colera, Eduardo, Castro, German R, Kinney, Joseph, Leon, Carlos, Santamaria, Jacobo, Garcia-Barriocanal, Javier, Goldman, Allen M Show More Hide
Publisher(s):
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Tags:
Multidisciplinary
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article description
Field-effect experiments on cuprates using ionic liquids have enabled the exploration of their rich phase diagrams [Leng X, et al. (2011) Phys Rev Lett 107(2):027001]. Conventional understanding of the electrostatic doping is in terms of modifications of the charge density to screen the electric field generated at the double layer. However, it has been recently reported that the suppression of the metal to insulator transition induced in VO by ionic liquid gating is due to oxygen vacancy formation rather than to electrostatic doping [Jeong J, et al. (2013) Science 339(6126):1402-1405]. These results underscore the debate on the true nature, electrostatic vs. electrochemical, of the doping of cuprates with ionic liquids. Here, we address the doping mechanism of the high-temperature superconductor YBaCuO (YBCO) by simultaneous ionic liquid gating and X-ray absorption experiments. Pronounced spectral changes are observed at the Cu K-edge concomitant with the superconductor-to-insulator transition, evidencing modification of the Cu coordination resulting from the deoxygenation of the CuO chains, as confirmed by first-principles density functional theory (DFT) simulations. Beyond providing evidence of the importance of chemical doping in electric double-layer (EDL) gating experiments with superconducting cuprates, our work shows that interfacing correlated oxides with ionic liquids enables a delicate control of oxygen content, paving the way to novel electrochemical concepts in future oxide electronics.

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