Abrupt climate changes during Termination III in Southern Europe.

Citation data:

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN: 1091-6490, Vol: 114, Issue: 38, Page: 10047-10052

Publication Year:
2017
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PMID:
28874530
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.1619615114
Author(s):
Pérez-Mejías, Carlos; Moreno, Ana; Sancho, Carlos; Bartolomé, Miguel; Stoll, Heather; Cacho, Isabel; Cheng, Hai; Edwards, R Lawrence
Publisher(s):
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Tags:
Multidisciplinary
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article description
The Late Quaternary glacial-interglacial transitions represent the highest amplitude climate changes over the last million years. Unraveling the sequence of events and feedbacks at Termination III (T-III), including potential abrupt climate reversals similar to those of the last Termination, has been particularly challenging due to the scarcity of well-dated records worldwide. Here, we present speleothem data from southern Europe covering the interval from 262.7 to 217.9 kyBP, including the transition from marine isotope stage (MIS) 8 to MIS 7e. High-resolution δC, δO, and Mg/Ca profiles reveal major millennial-scale changes in aridity manifested in changing water availability and vegetation productivity. uranium-thorium dates provide a solid chronology for two millennial-scale events (S8.1 and S8.2) which, compared with the last two terminations, has some common features with Heinrich 1 and Heinrich 2 in Termination I (T-I).