Achieving high baryon densities in the fragmentation regions in heavy ion collisions at top RHIC energy

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Journal of Physics: Conference Series, ISSN: 1742-6588, Vol: 832, Issue: 1

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Ming Li; Joseph I. Kapusta
IOP Publishing
Physics and Astronomy
article description
Heavy ion collisions at extremely high energy, such as the top energy at RHIC, exhibit the property of transparency where there is a clear separation between the almost net-baryon-free central rapidity region and the net-baryon-rich fragmentation region. We calculate the net-baryon rapidity loss and the nuclear excitation energy using the energy-momentum tensor obtained from the McLerran-Venugopalan model. Nuclear compression during the collision is further estimated using a simple space-time picture. The results show that extremely high baryon densities, about twenty times larger than the normal nuclear density, can be achieved in the fragmentation regions.