A comparative analysis of tightly-coupled monocular, binocular, and stereo VINS

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2017 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), ISSN: 1050-4729, Page: 165-172

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Mrinal K. Paul; Kejian Wu; Joel A. Hesch; Esha D. Nerurkar; Stergios I. Roumeliotis
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Engineering; Computer Science
conference paper description
In this paper, a sliding-window two-camera vision-aided inertial navigation system (VINS) is presented in the square-root inverse domain. The performance of the system is assessed for the cases where feature matches across the two-camera images are processed with or without any stereo constraints (i.e., stereo vs. binocular). To support the comparison results, a theoretical analysis on the information gain when transitioning from binocular to stereo is also presented. Additionally, the advantage of using a two-camera (both stereo and binocular) system over a monocular VINS is assessed. Furthermore, the impact on the achieved accuracy of different image-processing frontends and estimator design choices is quantified. Finally, a thorough evaluation of the algorithm's processing requirements, which runs in real-time on a mobile processor, as well as its achieved accuracy as compared to alternative approaches is provided, for various scenes and motion profiles.