Active Multienzyme Assemblies for Long-Chain Olefinic Hydrocarbon Biosynthesis.

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Journal of bacteriology, ISSN: 1098-5530, Vol: 199, Issue: 9, Page: e00890-16

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James K. Christenson; Matthew R. Jensen; Brandon R. Goblirsch; Fatuma Mohamed; Wei Zhang; Carrie M. Wilmot; Lawrence P. Wackett; William W. Metcalf
American Society for Microbiology
Immunology and Microbiology; Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
article description
Bacteria from different phyla produce long-chain olefinic hydrocarbons derived from an OleA-catalyzed Claisen condensation of two fatty acyl coenzyme A (acyl-CoA) substrates, followed by reduction and oxygen elimination reactions catalyzed by the proteins OleB, OleC, and OleD. In this report, OleA, OleB, OleC, and OleD were individually purified as soluble proteins, and all were found to be essential for reconstituting hydrocarbon biosynthesis. Recombinant coexpression of tagged OleABCD proteins from in and purification over His and FLAG columns resulted in OleA separating, while OleBCD purified together, irrespective of which of the four Ole proteins were tagged. Hydrocarbon biosynthetic activity of copurified OleBCD assemblies could be reconstituted by adding separately purified OleA. Immunoblots of nondenaturing gels using anti-OleC reacted with crude protein lysate indicated the presence of a large protein assembly containing OleC in the native host. Negative-stain electron microscopy of recombinant OleBCD revealed distinct large structures with diameters primarily between 24 and 40 nm. Assembling OleB, OleC, and OleD into a complex may be important to maintain stereochemical integrity of intermediates, facilitate the movement of hydrophobic metabolites between enzyme active sites, and protect the cell against the highly reactive β-lactone intermediate produced by the OleC-catalyzed reaction. Bacteria biosynthesize hydrophobic molecules to maintain a membrane, store carbon, and for antibiotics that help them survive in their niche. The hydrophobic compounds are often synthesized by a multidomain protein or by large multienzyme assemblies. The present study reports on the discovery that long-chain olefinic hydrocarbons made by bacteria from different phyla are produced by multienzyme assemblies in The OleBCD multienzyme assemblies are thought to compartmentalize and sequester olefin biosynthesis from the rest of the cell. This system provides additional insights into how bacteria control specific biosynthetic pathways.