Impacts of enhanced nitrogen deposition and soil acidification on biomass production and nitrogen leaching in Chinese fir plantations
- Citation data:
Canadian Journal of Forest Research, ISSN: 0045-5067, Vol: 42, Issue: 3, Page: 437-450
- Publication Year:
- Environmental Science; Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Atmospheric pollution levels in China are increasing quickly. Experience from other polluted regions shows that tree growth could be affected, but long-term effects of N deposition and soil acidification on Chinese forests remain mostly unknown. Soil acidification and N deposition were simulated for Chinese fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook.) plantations managed for three consecutive 20-year rotations in southeastern China. A factorial experiment combined four rain pH levels (2.5, 4.0, 5.6, and 7.0), four N deposition rates (1, 7.5, 15, and 30 kg N·ha·year), and two site qualities (poor and rich). Results indicate that atmospheric pollution effects are not immediate, but after one to two rotations, soil acidification effects could reduce ecosystem C pools significantly (-25% and -11% in poor and rich sites, respectively). N deposition rates above 15 kg N·ha·yearcould offset some of the negative effects of soil acidification and lead to more ecosystem C (19 and 28 Mg C·hamore in poor and rich sites, respectively, than in low N deposition). However, at high N deposition rates (>15 kg N·ha·year), N leaching losses could greatly increase, reaching 75 kg N·ha·year. Moderate N deposition could increase tree biomass production and soil organic mass, resulting in increased ecosystem C, but these gains could be associated with important N leaching. Atmospheric pollution could also result in the long term in nutrient imbalances and additional ecological issues (i.e., biodiversity loss, eutrophication, etc.) not studied here.