Neural Substrates of Overgeneralized Conditioned Fear in PTSD.

Citation data:

The American journal of psychiatry, ISSN: 1535-7228, Vol: 174, Issue: 2, Page: 125-134

Publication Year:
2017
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PMID:
27794690
DOI:
10.1176/appi.ajp.2016.15121549
Author(s):
Kaczkurkin, Antonia N, Burton, Philip C, Chazin, Shai M, Manbeck, Adrienne B, Espensen-Sturges, Tori, Cooper, Samuel E, Sponheim, Scott R, Lissek, Shmuel
Publisher(s):
American Psychiatric Publishing
Tags:
Medicine
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article description
Heightened generalization of fear from an aversively reinforced conditioned stimulus (CS+, a conditioned danger cue) to resembling stimuli is widely accepted as a pathogenic marker of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Indeed, a distress response to benign stimuli that "resemble" aspects of the trauma is a central feature of the disorder. To date, the link between overgeneralization of conditioned fear and PTSD derives largely from clinical observations, with limited empirical work on the subject. This represents the first effort to examine behavioral and brain indices of generalized conditioned fear in PTSD using systematic methods developed in animals known as generalization gradients: the gradual decline in conditioned responding as the presented stimulus gradually differentiates from CS+.

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