Growth performance of immunologically castrated pigs slaughtered at 5, 7, or 9 weeks after the second Improvest dose and fed diets containing corn dried distillers grains with solubles.
- Citation data:
Journal of animal science, ISSN: 1525-3163, Vol: 95, Issue: 2, Page: 806-819
- Publication Year:
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences; Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
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Growth performance of immunologically castrated (IC) pigs (863 total) was determined at increasing time intervals between the second Improvest (gonadotropin releasing factor analog-diphtheria toxoid conjugate; Zoetis Inc., Florham Park, NJ) dose and slaughter (TD) and with 4 different dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS) feeding strategies (FS) in a 4 × 3 factorial arrangement of treatments. The feeding period was divided into 4 separate diet phases. Dietary treatments included 1) corn-soybean meal control diets (PCon), 2) a gradual decrease of dietary DDGS inclusion rate from 40%, 30%, 20%, and 10% in phases 1 to 4 (GD), respectively, 3) feeding 40% DDGS diets in phases 1 to 3 and removal of DDGS from the phase 4 diet (WD), and 4) feeding 40% DDGS diets in all 4 phases (NCon). Pigs received the second Improvest dose at 9 (TD9), 7 (TD7), or 5 (TD5) wk before slaughter. In each group, all pigs were slaughtered on the same day. There were no 3-way interactions among FS, TD, and week of feeding period for any measure of growth performance. Pigs fed PCon and WD had greater ( < 0.05) overall ADFI than pigs fed NCon, especially when slaughtered 9 wk after the second Improvest dose (2.45 and 2.44 vs. 2.31 ± 0.08 kg/d, respectively). This response was partly due to withdrawing DDGS from the diet at 19 wk of age (WD), which led to a tendency ( < 0.10) for increased ADFI from the wk 19 to 21 interval to the wk 21 to 24 interval (3.26 vs. 3.51 ± 0.09 kg/d, respectively). During the same time period, ADFI was unchanged ( > 0.05) in pigs fed PCon, GD, and NCon. Overall G:F was improved ( < 0.05) in TD5 pigs compared with TD9 pigs and tended ( < 0.10) to be improved compared with TD7 pigs. Final BW was similar among pigs fed GD, WD, and PCon (123.1, 122.3, and 125.3 kg, respectively), but pigs fed PCon and GD had greater ( < 0.05) BW than pigs fed NCon (120.0 kg). Throughout the growing-finishing period, BW was similar among TD treatments. The GD FS was more effective than the WD FS in maintaining overall G:F (0.424 and 0.414 ± 0.005, respectively) and ADG (0.94 and 0.93 ± 0.03 kg/d, respectively), which were similar ( > 0.05) to those of pigs fed PCon (0.427 ± 0.005 and 0.96 ± 0.03 kg/d, respectively). Growth performance of pigs fed GD more closely reflected that of pigs fed PCon than that of pigs fed WD. Delaying the second dose of Improvest from 9 to 5 wk before slaughter resulted in improved growth performance.