A study on oral care practices in intensive care units at two tertiary hospitals in Kelantan

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International Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, ISSN: 0975-2366, Vol: 10, Issue: 4, Page: 21-26

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Kim Lam Soh; Salimah Japar; Azura Abdul Halain; Saliza Mat Yusoff; Swee Leong Ong; Kim Geok Soh
SynthesisHub Advance Scientific Research
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
article description
Dental plaque colonized with bacteria can be aspirated from the oropharynx to the lungs, and leads to Ventilator-associated Pneumonia. Proper practice of removal the dental plaque by brushing the teeth using the child toothbrush was shown to be effective in preventing the accumulation of dental plaque. This study aims to determine the current oral care practices in the Intensive Care Unit in two tertiary hospitals in Kelantan. The total of 261 nurses participated in this study. The overall finding from this study showed that only a small proportion of the nurses used the child toothbrush for oral care practice. This study showed there is a need to have a standardized protocol for oral care in the ICUs in order to improve nurses oral care practice.