Children's understanding of promising, lying, and false belief.

Citation data:

The Journal of general psychology, ISSN: 0022-1309, Vol: 135, Issue: 3, Page: 301-21

Publication Year:
2008
Usage 7133
Abstract Views 5011
Full Text Views 2016
Link-outs 106
Captures 433
Exports-Saves 433
Citations 10
Citation Indexes 10
PMID:
18649495
DOI:
10.3200/genp.135.3.301-322
Author(s):
Maas, Fay K
Publisher(s):
Informa UK Limited
Tags:
Social Sciences, Psychology, Arts and Humanities
article description
Understanding promising and lying requires an understanding of intention and the ability to interpret mental states. The author examined (a) the extent to which 4- to 6-year-olds focus on the sincerity of the speaker's intention when the 4-to 6-year-olds make judgments about promises and lies and (b) whether false-belief reasoning skills are related to understanding promising and lying. Participants watched videotaped stories and made promise and lie judgments from their own perspective and from the listener-character's perspective. Children also completed false-belief reasoning tasks. Older children made more correct promise judgments from both perspectives. All children made correct lie judgments from the listener's perspective. The author found that Ist-order false-belief reasoning was related to making judgments from the participant's perspective; 2nd-order false-belief reasoning was related to making judgments from the listener-character's perspective. Results suggest that children's understanding of promising and lying moves from a focus on outcome toward a focus on the belief that each utterance is designed to create.

This article has 0 Wikipedia reference.