Giant electrocaloric and energy storage performance of [(KNa)NbO]-[LiSbO] nanocrystalline ceramics.

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Scientific reports, ISSN: 2045-2322, Vol: 8, Issue: 1, Page: 3186

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Kumar, Raju; Singh, Satyendra
Springer Nature
article description
Electrocaloric (EC) refrigeration, an EC effect based technology has been accepted as an auspicious way in the development of next generation refrigeration due to high efficiency and compact size. Here, we report the results of our experimental investigations on electrocaloric response and electrical energy storage properties in lead-free nanocrystalline (1 - x)KNaNbO-xLiSbO (KNN-xLS) ceramics in the range of 0.015 ≤ x ≤ 0.06 by the indirect EC measurements. Doping of LiSbO has lowered both the transitions (T and T) of KNN to the room temperature side effectively. A maximal value of EC temperature change, ΔT = 3.33 K was obtained for the composition with x = 0.03 at 345 K under an external electric field of 40 kV/cm. The higher value of EC responsivity, ζ = 8.32 × 10 K.m/V is found with COP of 8.14 and recoverable energy storage of 0.128 J/cm with 46% efficiency for the composition of x = 0.03. Our investigations show that this material is a very promising candidate for electrocaloric refrigeration and energy storage near room temperature.