Heterogeneous glyoxal oxidation: a potential source of secondary organic aerosol.
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The journal of physical chemistry. A, ISSN: 1520-5215, Vol: 116, Issue: 24, Page: 6180-7
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Laboratory studies are described that suggest reactive uptake of glyoxal on particulate containing HNO(3) could contribute to the formation of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) in the upper troposphere (UT). Using a Knudsen cell flow reactor, glyoxal is observed to react on supercooled H(2)O/HNO(3) surfaces to form condensed-phase glyoxylic acid. This product was verified by derivatization and GC-MS analysis. The reactive uptake coefficient, γ, of glyoxal varies only slightly with the pressure of nitric acid, from γ = 0.5 to 3.0 × 10(-3) for nitric acid pressures between 10(-8) and 10(-6) Torr. The data do not show any dependence on temperature (181-201 K) or pressure of glyoxal (10(-7) to 10(-5) Torr). Using the determined reactive uptake kinetics in a simple model shows that glyoxal uptake to supercooled H(2)O/HNO(3) may account for 4-53% of the total organic mass fraction of aerosol in the UT.