Emergency Protocol Program for High School Athletes

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Moyer, Casandra B
adolescents; asthma; anaphylaxis; diabetes; heat illness; emergency; Pediatric Nursing
project description
This evidence-based project (EBP) involved development and implementation of an emergency protocol (EP) education program for high school athletes and coaches at a southern California high school. A Doctor of Nursing Practice student, collaborating with health care and athletic personnel, conducted an assessment of the high school’s EPs for management of asthma, anaphylaxis, diabetes, and heat illness. Then, an EP and educational program were created; coaches and athletes were educated on the protocol during a coaches’ meeting and practice times, respectively. All participants completed pre- and post-tests, and mean knowledge scores were compared. The overall knowledge score increased by 10% for coaches and 5% for athletes. High school athletes’ and coaches’ knowledge regarding anaphylaxis increased the most. Although sports emergency data were examined, no emergencies related to the selected conditions occurred during the project period. Anaphylaxis should be an important focus of education for high school athletes and coaches.