Methods And Systems Of Purposeful Reshaping Of Ethnic Identities – Serbs In Former Yugoslavia

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Meničanin, Tanja
Inequality and Stratification; Politics and Social Change; Race and Ethnicity
thesis / dissertation description
This paper will explore the means and ways of transforming group identity by arepressive communist regime of former Yugoslavia under Tito in the period 1945 to1980. It will focus on the Serbian ethnic group as one of the six groups constituting amulti-cultural society at the time. The main motivation for the study topic relates to thepersonal and professional experiences of living in the former Yugoslavia prior, duringand after the Balkan conflicts in 1990-1995. This is provided for a personal andprofessional insight into the consequences of the regime’s strategy to create a supraidentityof former Yugoslavia that was supposed to replace individual ethnic/nationalidentities of the ethnic groups living in the country. Recent Balkan wars are the mainresult of this failed experiment of purposeful reshaping of ethnic identities by the regime.Finally some consideration of the appropriate conflict transformation modalities will bediscussed.The broader aim of the research presented in this paper is to draw attention to the dangersof purposeful reshaping of ethnic identity by regimes world wide aiming at superficialconflict transformation, which when fails, brings about an even greater, violent anddamaging inter-communal clashes.