Integration of end-of-life care content in undergraduate nursing curricula: student knowledge and perceptions.

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Journal of professional nursing : official journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing, ISSN: 1532-8481, Vol: 25, Issue: 1, Page: 50-6

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Kazer, Meredith Wallace; Grossman, Sheila; Campbell, Suzanne H.; Robert, Tracey; Lange, Jean W.; Shea, Joyce
Elsevier BV
Nursing; Palliative Care; End of life; Nursing education; Medicine and Health Sciences
article description
Studies indicate that nurses spend more time with patients at the end of life than any other health care discipline (K. M. Foley & H. Gelband, 2003). So it is imperative that nurses be educated so they can provide this high-quality end-of-life care. The purpose of this project was to provide a current state of end-of-life nursing education in the literature and to report on end-of-life knowledge and experiences of two groups of nursing students in one small, liberal arts university. A total of 111 undergraduate students (61 sophomores and 50 seniors) were administered a 50-item, multiple-choice test to determine their baseline knowledge about end-of-life care. Sophomore scores ranged from 20% to 86% with a mean of 60.98 (SD = 11.83). Senior pretest scores ranged from 70% to 96% with a mean of 83.26 (SD = 6.6). An independent samples t test was conducted to determine if there was a difference in group mean knowledge between sophomore and senior students. Levene's test for equality of variance was significant (F = 4.22, P < .05); thus, a t test with equal variance assumed revealed a significant difference between sophomore and senior group means (t = -10.44, P < .001). The review of literature and student knowledge and experience assessment resulted in the development of a model of end-of-life curriculum integration implemented at the university and sets the stage for future program evaluation studies.