Diverse examples from managing invasive vertebrate specieson inhabited islands of the United States

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Engeman, Richard M.; Avery, Michael L.; Shiels, Aaron B.; Berentsen, Are R.; VerCauteren, Kurt C.; Sugihara, Robert T.; Duffiney, Anthony G.; Clark, Craig S.; Eisemann, John D.
Control; eradication; integrated pest management; management objectives; Life Sciences
article description
A wide array of sizes, ecosystems, cultures, and invasive wildlife are represented among inhabited islands. Here, six cases from the United States of America (US) are selected to illustrate the high diversity of invasive animal management issues and objectives. We outline the background, define the problems and management objectives. We identify the management approaches and discuss the results and influences as they specifically relate to inhabited islands. The examples are: (1) Gambian giant pouched rats on Grassy Key, Florida; (2) coqui frogs on Kaua’i, Hawai’i; (3) feral swine on Cayo Costa Island, Florida; (4) rodents and monitor lizards on Cocos Island, Guam; (5) black spiny-tailed iguanas (ctenosaurs) on Gasparilla Island, Florida; and (6) mongooses on Puerto Rico. The outcomes of the programs are discussed, particularly in relation to the impact of human habitation on success.