CFD prediction of ship capsize: parametric rolling, broaching, surf-riding, and periodic motions

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Sadat Hosseini, Seyed Hamid
University of Iowa
Broaching; Capsize; CFD; Nonlinear Dynamics; Parameric Rolling; Ship; Mechanical Engineering
thesis / dissertation description
Stability against capsizing is one of the most fundamental requirements to design a ship. In this research, for the first time, CFD is performed to predict main modes of capsizing. CFD first is conducted to predict parametric rolling for a naval ship. Then CFD study of parametric rolling is extended for prediction of broaching both by using CFD as input to NDA model of broaching in replacement of EFD inputs or by using CFD for complete simulation of broaching. The CFD resistance, static heel and drift in calm water and static heel in following wave simulations are conducted to estimate inputs for NDA and 6DOF simulation in following waves are conducted for complete modeling of broaching.CFD parametric rolling simulations show remarkably close agreement with EFD. The CFD stabilized roll angle is very close to those of EFD but CFD predicts larger instability zones. The CFD and EFD results are analyzed with consideration ship theory and compared with NDA. NDA predictions are in qualitative agreement with CFD and EFD.CFD and EFD full Fr curve resistance, static heel and drift in calm water, and static heel in following waves results show fairly close agreement. CFD shows reasonable agreement for static heel and drift linear maneuvering derivatives, whereas large errors are indicated for nonlinear derivatives. The CFD and EFD results are analyzed with consideration ship theory and compared with NDA models. The surge force in following wave is also estimated from Potential Theory and compared with CFD and EFD. It is shown that CFD reproduces the decrease of the surge force near the Fr of 0.2 whereas Potential Theory fails.The CFD broaching simulations are performed for series of heading and Fr and results are compared with the predictions of NDA based on CFD, EFD, and Potential Theory inputs. CFD free model simulations show promising results predicting the instability boundary accurately. CFD calculation of wave and rudders yaw moment explains the processes of surf-riding, broaching, and periodic motion. The NDA simulation using CFD and Potential Flow inputs suggests that CFD/ Potential Flow can be considered as replacement for EFD inputs.