Examining driver performance in response to work zone interventions in a driving simulator

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https://ir.uiowa.edu/etd/729; https://ir.uiowa.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1914&context=etd
Reyes, Michelle Lynn
University of Iowa
driver behavior; driving simulator; work zone; Industrial Engineering
thesis / dissertation description
Reductions in speed and, more critically, speed variability between vehicles are thought to reduce crash risk in work zones. Numerous factors, such as lane width and lateral clearance and activity level, have been shown to influence speed but very little research has considered how multiple factors might interact to affect driver performance in work zones. This study evaluated the effect of work zone barrier type, presence of a lateral buffer, and work zone activity level on measures of speed and lane position. Twelve middle aged and twelve senior subjects drove in a National Advanced Driving Simulator (NADS) MiniSim. The subjects drove faster and with less variability in work zones with concrete barriers. Measures of speed and lane position were more heterogeneous across groups with 42-inch channelizers compared to drums. Speed was reduced and more variable in work areas with a high level of activity than in areas with a low level of activity. On the whole, the presence of a lateral buffer reduced speed variability in the high activity areas but this response was not uniform across all drivers. This research demonstrates that driving simulators can be used to evaluate how work zone factors may interact with one another to affect driver performance for different driver groups. While the results from this study corresponded to observations from actual work zones, the driving simulator must be validated with on-road data before generalizations can be made.