Lower limb maximal dynamic strength and agility determinants in elite basketball players

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Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, ISSN: 1064-8011, Vol: 23, Issue: 5, Page: 1570-1577

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https://research-repository.uwa.edu.au/en/publications/238fad60-fce6-4f0c-9702-c82cbb0620af; https://ro.ecu.edu.au/ecuworks/562
Chaouachi, Anis; Brughelli, Matt; Chamari, Karim; Levin, Gregory; Ben Abdelkrim, Nidhal; Laurencelle, Louis; Castagna, Carlo
Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health); National Strength and Conditioning Association
Medicine; Health Professions; field test; team sports; squat performance; vertical jump; Exercise Science
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article description
The aims of this study were to examine the relationship between squat 1 repetition maximum (1RM) and basketball-relevant tests and the variables that influence agility (T-test) in elite male professional basketball players (n = 14, age 23.3 +/- 2.7 years, height 195.6 +/- 8.3 cm, body mass 94.2 +/- 10.2 kg). T-test performance was significantly related to body mass (r = 0.58, p = 0.03) and to percentage of body fat (r = 0.80, p < 0.001). A significant negative correlation was observed between t-test and 5-jump test performance (r = -0.61, p = 0.02). Squat 1RM was significantly related to 5-, 10-, and 30-m sprint times. Stepwise correlation analysis showed percentage of body fat was the best single predictor factor (p < 0.05) of agility. Squat 1RM performance was the best single predictor of 5-m and 10-m sprint times (p < 0.05). In light of the present study's findings, agility should be regarded as a per se physiological ability for elite basketball players. Consequently, basketball-specific agility drills should be stressed in elite basketball training. Given the association between squat 1RM performance and short sprint times, squat exercises should be a major component of basketball conditioning.