Impact of Nanograting Phase-Shift on Light Absorption Enhancement in Plasmonics-Based Metal-Semiconductor-Metal Photodetectors

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Advances in Optical Technologies, ISSN: 1687-6393, Vol: 2011, Page: 1-8

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Das, Narottam; Karar, Ayman; Tan, Chee Leong; Alameh, Kamal; Lee, Yong Tak
Hindawi Limited; Hindawi Publishing Corporation; Advances in Optical Technologies
Materials Science; Physics and Astronomy; [RSTDPub]; Physical Sciences and Mathematics
article description
The finite difference time-domain (FDTD) method is used to simulate the light absorption enhancement in a plasmonic metal-semiconductor-metal photodetector (MSM-PD) structure employing a metal nanograting with phase shifts. The metal fingers of the MSM-PDs are etched at appropriate depths to maximize light absorption through plasmonic effects into a subwavelength aperture. We also analyse the nano-grating phase shift and groove profiles obtained typically in our experiments using focused ion beam milling and atomic force microscopy and discuss the dependency of light absorption enhancement on the nano-gratings phase shift and groove profiles inscribed intoMSM-PDs. Our simulation results show that the nano-grating phase shift blue-shifts the wavelength at which the light absorption enhancement is maximum, and that the combined effects of the nano-grating groove shape and phase shift degrade the light absorption enhancement by up to 50%. Copyright © 2011 Narottam Das et al.