Effect of Liquid versus Ice Slurry Ingestion on Core Temperature during Simulated Mining Conditions

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Open Journal of Preventive Medicine, ISSN: 2162-2477, Vol: 06, Issue: 01, Page: 21-30

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Mate, Joseph; Siegel, Rodney; Oosthuizen, Jacques; Laursen, Paul; Watson, Greig
Scientific Research Publishing, Inc,; Scientific research
thermoregulation; occupational heat stress; cooling intervention; ice slurry; Medicine and Health Sciences
article description
Miners in Australia frequently perform physically demanding work under high ambient temperatures and humidity, often whilst wearing personal protective equipment, leading to heat-related illnesses. This study investigated effects of replacing 100% and 50% sweat losses with 5% carbohydrate liquid or ice-slurry solution on core temperature during simulated mining conditions. Five randomized treadmill trials were performed with: no fluid replacement (NF), 100% (100 ICE) and 50% (50 ICE) sweat loss replaced with ice-slurry (~-1°C) solution and 100% (100 LIQ) and 50% (50 LIQ) sweat loss replaced with liquid (~+4°C) solution. Time to exhaustion was longer in 100 ICE followed by 100 LIQ, 50 ICE, 50 LIQ and NF. Change in rectal temperature was least in 100 ICE followed by 100 LIQ, 50 ICE, 50 LIQ and NF. Ingestion of ice-slurry resulted in longer time to exhaustion and slower rates of change in rectal temperature. It is recommended that ice-slurry drinks be provided to personnel to lower heat strain during hot working conditions.