Restless n' youthful: Study into barriers young entrepreneurs face in Dubai

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Khan, Zeenath Reza; Zahir, Mohaimeen
barriers; into; study; youthful; n; restless; face; entrepreneurs; young; dubai
lecture / presentation description
1. Statement of Problem Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) are independently owned and operated companies that are finite in size. A small business generally has a small number of employees and less revenue flow. SMEs are the backbone of Dubai's economy, representing 95% of all establishments in the emirate (Dubai SME, 2013). In particular, owners of SMEs are young, dynamic and often students when they begin. The economy of Dubai depends greatly on these small businesses. These SME businesses account for 42% of the workforce and contribute around 40% to the total value generated in Dubai's economy (Dubai SME, 2013). However, are all SMEs successful? Is the process of setting up and running an SME in Dubai easy? What are the major barriers that young and aspiring SME owners face when setting up and running SMEs in Dubai? 2. Significance and relevance of work This pilot study is carried out on five SMEs owned and run by young students either just completing their undergraduate studies or post graduate studies. The Dubai government recognizes the importance of SMEs to the economy of Dubai and encourages the growth of SMEs in the city (Stanley, 2013). The government even set up a Dubai SME division under Department of Economic Development (DED) in 2002 to help support SMEs in Dubai. Existing research has studied the success of women entrepreneurs in the city and factors that help them to set up and sustain SMEs. Research led by Haan (2004) surveyed 30 women entrepreneurs to highlights some of the problems women usually faced when starting their own. However, it is interesting to note here that students and youngsters are also coming up and contributing to the Dubai's economy by becoming small scale business owners and entrepreneurs. This is primarily because it doesn't take up much of their time in a daily basis, these small scale businesses can be run as a part-time activity, and as students on student-visa cannot acquire a work-permit, so this is often a good alternative. It is therefore, very crucial to understand the factors that make such a business model successful. Hence, it is believed that this study is very timely as it is believed the findings of this study will help • Students - future entrepreneurs • Current student SME owners • Government bodies • Schools and Universities 3. Description of research method As this is the first phase of the pilot study, a mixed-method approach has been used in order to fulfil the objective of the study. First the existing literature has been reviewed and analysed to understanding the barriers that generally hinder success of SME set up and running. Then a qualitative exploratory case study design has been designed through a series of interviews and focus groups on five SME owners and their business models in Dubai. This has been followed by a quantitative analysis through a survey questionnaire on a 5-point Likert scale to identify the barriers faced by the existing owners in Dubai. 4. Results This paper reports the findings of the phase one of the pilot study in Dubai on SMEs particularly owned by and run by students/young entrepreneurs. The report highlights that although there has been tremendous support in the recent years from the government to support such initiatives through conferences, funding made available, and banks that showed great initiative by suspending legal actions against SMEs struggling to repay debt (Trenwith, 2016), there still exists a need for more support and guidance aimed at student entrepreneurs. More specifically, the report highlights the difficulty faced by students in terms understanding legalities, process, visa process and so on. With a focus on five SMEs in Dubai, the fastest growing emirate in the UAE, the report provides an initial insight into the barriers faced by the students in setting up business that often has a ripple effect on the running of the business.