Concussions in Ice Hockey: Baseline Testing, Reporting Accuracy, and Cervical Functioning

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thesis / dissertation description
The purpose of this study was threefold: firstly, to demonstrate the utility of the SCAT2 as both a baseline measurement and a tool to aid in the decision making process following the occurrence of a concussion; secondly, to assess the accuracy of reporting and/or relaying a diagnosis of a concussion; and finally to attempt to measure a relationship between cervical spine functioning and past concussion occurrence. Eighty hockey players were assessed for cognitive, neuropsychological, and physical measures pertaining to concussive injuries within ice hockey. The results of the study showed a marked underreporting of concussions due to either fear of reporting, misdiagnosis, or simple lack of knowledge. The SCAT2 is demonstrated to be a useful and cost-effective tool for use as a baseline measure or for a means of following up post-injury. No significant findings appeared with regards to cervical functioning and past concussive injuries; recommendations for future research are offered.