Some geometric and electronic structural effects of perfluorinating propionyl chloride.
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The journal of physical chemistry. A, ISSN: 1520-5215, Vol: 114, Issue: 30, Page: 8009-15
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Propionyl chloride and perfluoropropionyl chloride have been characterized using chirped pulse Fourier transform microwave spectroscopy between the frequency range of 8 and 14 GHz. Molecules were studied in separate experiments in supersonic expansions of argon. The (35)Cl, (37)Cl, and each of the monoisotopic (13)C substituted isotopologues of propionyl chloride were observed. The (35)Cl and (37)Cl isotopologues of perfluoropropionyl chloride were observed. Analyses of the resulting microwave spectra have yielded spectroscopic constants for the target molecules. The analyses indicate that, under the conditions of these experiments, both molecules are only detectable as cis conformers in which angleCCCO = 0 degrees . Comparisons are made between the electronic and geometric structure of propionyl chloride and perfluoropropionyl chloride, and also other acyl chlorides. The data produced are relevant in regards to quantifying the known destabilizing effect of perfluoroalky chains on carbonyl groups. Distinct differences in electronegativity between the CH(3)CH(2)CO- and CF(3)CF(2)CO- groups are discussed. Methyl group internal rotation is observed for propionyl chloride and has been analyzed to produce a V(3) barrier height.