- Chemistry; Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology; Iron; Accuracy; Capillary Electrophoresis; Chemical Analysis; Iron Blood Level; Metal Binding; Priority Journal; Serum Analysis; Total Iron Binding Capacity; Iron; Accuracy; Capillary Electrophoresis; Chemical Analysis; Iron Blood Level; Metal Binding; Priority Journal; Serum Analysis; Total Iron Binding Capacity
A capillary electrophoresis (CE) technique for determining total iron binding capacity (TIBC) of serum has been developed. The optimum serum pretreatment involves the following major steps: at first, saturate serum transferrin with Fe; then, dissociate them completely after removing excess unbound Fe. Finally, complex the released iron with phenanthroline, a chromophore, to make suitable for the CE analysis. Ammonium acetate (pH = 5.0) was used as CE background electrolyte solution. In this system, a good linear correlation coefficient was maintained over the range 0.5~10 μM (r = 0.9979, n=12). Seven adult serum samples were studied and the TIBC parameters measured. In the present system, 10~30 μL serum is sufficient for determination. The study shows that the CE technique described is a powerful method for rapid, efficient, sensitive and reliable analysis and hence particularly suitable for clinical application.