An Analysis of Risk and Function Information in Early Stage Design

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Proceedings of 2005 ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference

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Michael Van Wie; Katie Grantham Lough; Robert B. Stone; Francesca Barrientos; Irem Y. Tumer
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
Gricean; Relevance Theory; Design; Functional Analysis; Risk; Space Missions; Gricean; Relevance Theory; Design; Functional Analysis; Risk; Space Missions; Operations Research, Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering
conference paper description
The concept of function offers a high potential for thinking and reasoning about designs as well as providing a common thread for relating together other design information. This paper focuses specifically on risk data by examining how this information is addressed for a design team conducting early stage design for space missions. Sample risk information is decomposed into a set of key attributes which are then used to scrutinize the risk information using three approaches from the pragmatics sub-field of linguistics; i) Gricean, ii) Relevance Theory, and iii) Functional Analysis. Based on the deficiencies identified in this analysis, the concepts of functional templates and a risk worksheet are used to suggest corrective actions for improving treatment of risk data by explicitly accounting for five risk attributes developed in this work.