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- Chemical Engineering; Energy; Chemistry; Coking Behaviors; In-Situ Combustion; Morphology; Oxidative Characteristics; Tahe Heavy Oil; Coking Behaviors; In-Situ Combustion; Morphology; Oxidative Characteristics; Tahe Heavy Oil; Geology
The thermal method of in-situ combustion (ISC) was proposed to produce Tahe heavy oil; therefore, the oxidative characteristics of this oil are critical, especially its coking behaviors, which are closely related to the combustion process. In this work, a series of thermogravimetric and differential scanning calorimetry (TG-DSC) tests with isothermal and non-isothermal models were conducted to determine the oxidative characteristics of Tahe heavy oil. Moreover, the morphology of the produced cokes was observed with a scanning electron microscope (SEM). The results showed that the heavy oil was partially coked due to high-pressure oxidation, and these cokes were significantly more active than the heavy oil, leading to noticeable heat release at low temperatures. Higher-temperature oxidation involved compounds in the coking and thus required more time to initiate the reactions. A significant reduction of the elements (S, H, N) was observed in higher-pressure oxidation, and the porous morphology of the coke was created. Increasing the oxidation pressure led to higher-porosity cokes and subsequently enhanced the reaction of oil and air. The particle structures generated by oxidation reactions on the surface of oxidized coke can be consumed by the combustion process.