Quantifications of error propagation in slope-based wavefront estimations
- Citation data:
Journal of the Optical Society of America A, ISSN: 1084-7529, Vol: 23, Issue: 10, Page: 2629-2638
- Publication Year:
- Repository URL:
- http://stars.library.ucf.edu/facultybib2000/6784; http://stars.library.ucf.edu/facultybib/9049
- Materials Science; Computer Science; DIFFERENCE MEASUREMENTS; RECONSTRUCTION; ALGORITHM; Optics
We discuss error propagation in the slope-based and the difference-based wavefront estimations. The error propagation coefficient can be expressed as a function of the eigenvalues of the wavefront-estimation-related matrices, and we establish such functions for each of the basic geometries with the serial numbering scheme with which a square sampling grid array is sequentially indexed row by row. We first show that for the wavefront estimation with the wavefront piston value determined, the odd-number grid sizes yield better error propagators than the even-number grid sizes for all geometries. We further show that for both slope-based and difference-based wavefront estimations, the Southwell geometry offers the best error propagators with the minimum-norm least-squares solutions. Noll's theoretical result, which was extensively used as a reference in the previous literature for error propagation estimates, corresponds to the Southwell geometry with an odd-number grid size. Typically the Fried geometry is not preferred in slope-based optical testing because it either allows subsize wavefront estimations within the testing domain or yields a two-rank deficient estimations matrix, which usually suffers from high error propagation and the waffle mode problem. The Southwell geometry, with an odd-number grid size if a zero point is assigned for the wavefront, is usually recommended in optical testing because it provides the lowest-error propagation for both slope-based and difference-based wavefront estimations. © 2006 Optical Society of America.