Fitness Level, Type A Behavior, and Anxiety Levels in an Occupational Setting

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Kilduff, Susan D.
Anxiety; Physical fitness; Stress (Psychology)
thesis / dissertation description
An assessment was made of the relationship between physical fitness level, anxiety level and Type A behavior in a non-clinical sample of healthy middle-age adults. Forty nine mid-level managers from Westinghouse Steam Generator and Turbine Division, world Headquarters participated by filling out a battery of tests, including the Jenkins Activity Survey, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and a fitness questionnaire. No significant relationship was found between physical fitness level and Type A behavior. A significant negative relationship was found between physical fitness level and trait-anxiety. Trend analysis revealed a significant linear decrease in mean anxiety scores for groups of increasing levels of fitness. A discussion of these results and their implications for research in an occupational setting is included.