Estimating times of extinction in the fossil record.

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Biology letters, ISSN: 1744-957X, Vol: 12, Issue: 4, Page: 37-57

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Sara K. Lyons
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10.1098/rsbl.2015.0989; 10.1007/s11120-010-9593-1; 10.1098/rspb.2017.1039; 10.1098/rspb.2007.0515; 10.1016/j.cub.2014.08.034; 10.1126/science.1260065; 10.1111/j.1558-5646.2012.01807.x; 10.1111/j.1558-5646.2008.00410.x; 10.1111/j.1558-5646.2011.01460.x; 10.5061/dryad.84t75; 10.1146/annurev-earth-060115-012147; 10.1017/pab.2015.36; 10.1666/07060.1; 10.1666/0094-8373(2005)031[0191:afuvie];2; 10.1666/0094-8373-35.3.447; 10.1666/06056.1; 10.1666/0094-8373(2003)029<0455:otcoba>;2; 10.1080/09332480.2007.10722829; 10.3410/f.1089284.542490; 10.1666/0094-8373(2004)030<0522:oeamdo>;2; 10.1666/0094-8373(2004)030<0005:icifet>;2; 10.1666/07008.1; 10.1017/pab.2015.37; 10.1666/11016.1; 10.5061/dryad.84t75/1; 10.5061/dryad.84t75/2; 10.5061/dryad.84t75/3; 10.1666/0094-8373(2004)030&lt;0522:oeamdo&gt;;2; 10.1666/0094-8373(2003)029&lt;0455:otcoba&gt;;2; 10.1666/0094-8373(2004)030&lt;0005:icifet&gt;;2
PMC4881338; PMC2706195
Payne, Jonathan L; McClain, Craig R; Boyer, Alison G; Brown, James H; Finnegan, Seth; Kowalewski, Michał; Krause, Richard A; Lyons, S Kathleen; McShea, Daniel W; Novack-Gottshall, Philip M; Smith, Felisa A; Spaeth, Paula; Stempien, Jennifer A; Wang, Steve C Show More Hide
Wiley-Blackwell; Annual Reviews; Cambridge University Press (CUP); The Royal Society; Springer Nature; Elsevier BV; Informa UK Limited; Faculty of 1000, Ltd.; American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); Dryad Digital Repository; Figshare Show More Hide
dinosaur; bird; phylogeny; palaeontology; macroevolution; evolutionary rates; disparity; evolution
Agricultural and Biological Sciences; Medicine; Environmental Science; Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology; Immunology and Microbiology; Earth and Planetary Sciences; Multidisciplinary; Physics and Astronomy; confidence intervals; mass extinction; fossil record; Bayesian; Signor–Lipps effect; stratigraphic range; allometry; biovolume; maximum body size; macroevolution; geobiology; body size; evolution; hierarchy; complexity; macroecology; dinosaur; bird; phylogeny; palaeontology; evolutionary rates; disparity; Mesozoic; Triassic; Jurassic; Cretaceous; theropod; tyrannosaurus; Statistics and Probability; Physiology; 69999 Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified; 80699 Information Systems not elsewhere classified; Biochemistry; Genetics; Biotechnology; Evolutionary Biology; Cancer; Science Policy; Infectious Diseases; 39999 Chemical Sciences not elsewhere classified
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Because the fossil record is incomplete, the last fossil of a taxon is a biased estimate of its true time of extinction. Numerous methods have been developed in the palaeontology literature for estimating the true time of extinction using ages of fossil specimens. These methods, which typically give a confidence interval for estimating the true time of extinction, differ in the assumptions they make and the nature and amount of data they require. We review the literature on such methods and make some recommendations for future directions.