Effectiveness of Smoking Cessation Strategies in Undergraduate College Students
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- smoking cessation methods; undergraduate college students; health promotion model; personal attributes; successful smoking cessation; unsuccessful smoking cessation; Nursing
Smoking is the number one cause of preventable illness and premature death in the United States (Karnath, 2003). Undergraduate college students are developing life long smoking behaviors during their college years (Wechsler, Kelley, Seibring, Kuo, & Rigotti, 2001). Nicotine replacement therapy, bupropion hydrochloride, and counseling are the traditional smoking cessation methods that are being utilized by the adult population. Much research has been completed on the effectiveness of nicotine replacement therapy, counseling, and the use of bupropion hydrochloride. No research study has looked at a global comparison of the various strategies. Furthermore, of the research that is available, a minimal amount looks at the college population. This study is a descriptive survey study that looked at 50 undergraduate college students who are current or past smokers. The subjects completed the Smoking Behaviors Survey. Once the survey was completed the researcher examined the various strategies utilized and personal attributes among undergraduate college students who have been successful at smoking cessation compared to those undergraduate college students who have not been successful at smoking cessation. In this study, undergraduate college students utilized cold turkey as a smoking cessation method a majority of the time. There were no personal attributes dominant among those participants who were successful at smoking cessation compared to those participants who were unsuccessful at smoking cessation.