Press Release From: American Physical Society Observations of the motion of planets around the Sun were crucial to the adoption of genera...
Testing Lorentz symmetry with planetary orbital dynamics
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Physical Review D, ISSN: 1550-7998, Vol: 92, Issue: 6, Page: 64049-64049
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- Physics and Astronomy; relativity; cosmology; Astrophysics and Astronomy; Cosmology, Relativity, and Gravity
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Planetary ephemerides are a very powerful tool to constrain deviations from the theory of general relativity (GR) using orbital dynamics. The effective field theory framework called the Standard-Model Extension (SME) has been developed in order to systematically parametrize hypothetical violations of Lorentz symmetry (in the Standard Model and in the gravitational sector). In this communication, we use the latest determinations of the supplementary advances of the perihelia and of the nodes obtained by planetary ephemerides analysis to constrain SME coefficients from the pure gravity sector and also from gravity-matter couplings. Our results do not show any deviation from GR and they improve current constraints. Moreover, combinations with existing constraints from Lunar Laser Ranging and from atom interferometry gravimetry allow us to disentangle contributions from the pure gravity sector from the gravity-matter couplings.