Two-Spirit Indigenous Americans: Fact not Fiction

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O'Higgins, Casey S.
two-spirit; queer; indigenous americans; Feminist, Gender, and Sexuality Studies; Gender and Sexuality; Indigenous Studies; Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Studies; Race and Ethnicity; Women's Studies
paper description
This paper examines the narratives of Two-Spirit Indigenous Americans who have been oppressed by heteropatriarchal norms of colonization. Two-spirit creation stories are explored to show the prevalence and importance of their identities prior to contact with Euro-American settlers and the evolution of violence, exclusion, and marginalization due to colonization.The term "Two-Spirit" is examined as a cultural identity of the Indigenous Americans. Finally, the paper looks at how Two-Spirit scholars are looking to combine Queer Theory with Indigenous Studies to deconstruct colonial heteropatriarchal America.