Geographic differences in obesity prevalence and its risk factors among Asian Americans: findings from the 2013-2014 California Health Interview Survey.

Citation data:

Scientific reports, ISSN: 2045-2322, Vol: 8, Issue: 1, Page: 12510

Publication Year:
2018
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Repository URL:
https://works.bepress.com/arsham-alamian/65; https://dc.etsu.edu/etsu-works/2779; https://dc.etsu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=3877&context=etsu-works
PMID:
30131498
DOI:
10.1038/s41598-018-29906-5
Author(s):
Gong, Shaoqing; Wang, Kesheng; Li, Ying; Alamian, Arsham
Publisher(s):
Springer Nature America, Inc
Tags:
Multidisciplinary; obsesity; Asian Americans; California; Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases
article description
Geography disparities exist in obesity and obesity related conditions. This study aimed to examine the geographic differences in obesity prevalence and its risk factors among Asian Americans in California. Data (n = 4,000) from the 2013-2014 California Health Interview Survey were used. Obesity (≥27.5 kg/m) was defined according to the World Health Organization Asian body mass index cut points in Asian groups. Results suggest that 66.5% of Asians lived in urban areas. Among Asian adults, obesity prevalence was highest in Filipinos (33.8%) and lowest in Koreans (12.8%). Compared to rural Vietnamese, obesity prevalence was higher for urban Vietnamese (8.3% vs. 20.2%, p = 0.0318). Weighted multiple logistic regression analyses showed that being 45-64 years (vs. 65 years or above), being Japanese, Filipino, or other Asians (vs. Chinese) were associated with a higher odds of obesity among urban residents; whereas being 18-44 years and being 45-64 years (vs. 65 years or older), being male, having high school education (vs. having graduate education) were associated with a higher odds of obesity among rural residents. Being Vietnamese (vs. Chinese) was associated with 64% decreased odds of obesity only among rural residents (95% confidence interval = 0.14-0.94). The findings show geography disparities in obesity among Asians in California.