Slow strain rate testing and stress corrosion cracking of ultra-fine grained and conventional Al–Mg alloy

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Materials Science and Engineering: A, ISSN: 0921-5093, Vol: 619, Page: 35-46

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Sharma, Mala M; Tomedi, Josh D.; Weigley, Timothy J.
Elsevier BV
Materials Science; Physics and Astronomy; Engineering; Mechanical characterization; Al–Mg alloys; Ultra-fine grain; Slow strain rate testing; Stress corrosion cracking; mechanical characterization; Al-Mg alloys; ultra-fine grain; slow strain rate testing; stress corrosion cracking; Engineering Science and Materials; Materials Science and Engineering; Metallurgy
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Stress corrosion cracking susceptibility was investigated for an ultra-fine grained (UFG) Al–7.5Mg alloy and a conventional 5083 H111 alloy in natural seawater using slow strain rate testing (SSRT) at very slow strain rates between 1E −5 s −1, 1E −6 s −1 and 1E −7 s −1. The UFG Al–7.5Mg alloy was produced by cryomilling, while the 5083 H111 alloy is considered as a wrought manufactured product. The response of tensile properties to strain rate was analyzed and compared. Negative strain rate sensitivity was observed for both materials in terms of the elongation to failure. However, the UFG alloy displayed strain rate sensitivity in relation to strength while the conventional alloy was relatively strain rate insensitive. The mechanical behavior of the conventional 5083 alloy was attributed to dynamic strain aging (DSA) and delayed pit propagation while the performance of the UFG alloy was related to a diffusion-mediated stress relaxation mechanism that successfully delayed crack initiation events, counteracted by exfoliation and pitting which enhanced crack initiation.