Economic and Health Predictors of National Postpartum Depression Prevalence: A Systematic Review, Meta-analysis, and Meta-Regression of 291 Studies from 56 Countries.

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Frontiers in psychiatry, ISSN: 1664-0640, Vol: 8, Page: 248

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10.3389/fpsyt.2017.00248; 10.3389/fpsyt.2017.00248.s001; 10.3389/fpsyt.2017.00248.s002
Hahn-Holbrook, Jennifer; Cornwell-Hinrichs, Taylor; Anaya, Itzel
Frontiers Media SA
depression; prevalence; gini index; postpartum; gross domestic product; pregnancy; infant mortality; Maternal and Child Health; Other Psychiatry and Psychology; Other Public Health; Psychological Phenomena and Processes
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article description
Postpartum depression (PPD) poses a major global public health challenge. PPD is the most common complication associated with childbirth and exerts harmful effects on children. Although hundreds of PPD studies have been published, we lack accurate global or national PPD prevalence estimates and have no clear account of why PPD appears to vary so dramatically between nations. Accordingly, we conducted a meta-analysis to estimate the global and national prevalence of PPD and a meta-regression to identify economic, health, social, or policy factors associated with national PPD prevalence.