Fatalism, Diabetes Management Outcomes, and the Role of Religiosity.
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Journal of religion and health, ISSN: 1573-6571, Vol: 55, Issue: 2, Page: 602-17
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- Nursing; Medicine; Arts and Humanities; Diabetes; Fatalism; Religiosity; HbA1c; Cognition and Perception; Endocrine System Diseases; Health Psychology; Jewish Studies; Other Psychiatry and Psychology; Other Religion; Personality and Social Contexts; Religious Thought, Theology and Philosophy of Religion
This study aimed to determine whether fatalistic beliefs were associated with elevated levels of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and to establish the role of religiosity in this relationship. A cross-sectional survey was conducted on a sample of 183 Jewish adults with diabetes visiting a large medical center in northern Israel. Self-administered questionnaires assessed level of religiosity, fatalistic beliefs, diabetes management behaviors, and demographic/personal characteristics; laboratory tests were used to measure HbA1c. Multivariate regression indicated that fatalism was significantly associated with HbA1c (β = 0.51, p = 0.01). The association was no longer statistically significant after including self-reported religiosity in the model (β = 0.31, p = 0.13). This phenomenon is likely due to a confounding relationship between the religious/spiritual coping component of the fatalism index and self-reported religiosity (r = 0.69). The results indicate that addressing fatalistic attitudes may be a viable strategy for improving diabetes management, but call for a better understanding of the interplay between religiosity and fatalism in this context.