Provisioning and Its Effects on the Social Interactions of Tibetan Macaques (Macaca Thibetana) at Mt. Huangshan, China

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Schnepel, Brianna I
primate behavior; foraging strategies; animal behavior; Tibetan macaques; Macaca thibetana; ecology; Animal Studies; Anthropology; Behavior and Ethology; Biological and Physical Anthropology; Environmental Studies; Forest Management; Natural Resources and Conservation; Other Ecology and Evolutionary Biology; Other Social and Behavioral Sciences; Population Biology; Sustainability; Zoology
thesis / dissertation description
The dispersal patterns of food resources has a significant effect on the composition of primate groups and social interactions within those groups. Humans often alter the dispersal of food. Non-humans often use affiliative behaviors to elicit tolerance or support from other group members. I investigated whether provisioned food resources alter the social interactions and group dynamics of Macaca thibetana. All-occurrence sampling and scan sampling were used for data recorded by camera traps. Trail-cameras were placed at six locations that contain natural and human food resources and recorded 60-second videos. Social behavior and proximity of the monkeys were recorded. I found that M. thibetana maintain closer proximity while in non-provisioning areas at Mt. Huangshan. The data also shows that they exhibit higher levels of agonistic and submissive behavior while in the provisioning areas than while in the non-provisioning areas, and they engage in more affiliative behaviors while in non-provisioning areas than while in provisioning areas.