FERAL SWINE---ARE THEY A DISEASE THREAT TO LIVESTOCK IN THE UNITED STATES?
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- bovine tuberculosis; brucellosis; exotics; feral swine; invasive species; livestock; pseudorabies; Sus scrofa; trichnosis; vesicular stomatitis; Environmental Sciences
Feral swine populations provide both benefits and liabilities to citizens of the United States. Their expanding range and increasing densities, however, have raised concern over the adverse environmental and agricultural effects and the increased risk of disease transmission between feral swine and livestock. We discuss the role of feral swine in the transmission of wildlife diseases and, in particular, in diseases of national significance to the livestock industry. We also discuss available management tools and strategies for reducing feral swine populations, minimizing damage or disease occurrences and eradicating populations when deemed appropriate. Finally, we note areas of research that may provide valuable management tools in the future.