Reduce, Reuse & Regulate: An Assessment of Industrial Waste and Water Management Practices and Limitations to Compliance in Windhoek, Namibia

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Howard, Grace Kathryn; Mazo-Nido, Javier Andres; Monteith, Sarah Jean; Dow, Timothy Curtis
Worcester Polytechnic Institute
Mechanical Engineering; Humanities and Arts
artifact description
As Windhoek urbanizes and industrializes, increased pollution threatens the water supply. Our project assisted the city’s Department of Infrastructure, Water & Technical Services by identifying limitations to compliance and determining strategies for improved enforcement of industrial effluent regulations. By gathering information via interviews with personnel from regulatory organizations and industrial operational managers, we found that effective industrial regulation is limited by inefficient communication between regulatory authorities and the inconsequential nature of regulatory enforcement. We developed recommendations for improved enforcement of regulations, improved industrial compliance, increased community involvement, and opportunities for future research.