Combating Religious Divisiveness with Cosmopolitanism

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Encompass Digital Archive: Honors Theses

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Carter, Patrick K.
Encompass Digital Archive, Eastern Kentucky University
cosmopolitanism; religious pluralism; pluralism; religious conflict; religious hostility; counter cosmopolitanism
thesis / dissertation description
This thesis examines cosmopolitanism as a potential means of preventing conflicts between religious groups. In order to effectively determine what cosmopolitanism might be capable of accomplishing in this regard, religious interactions are examined during two major historical events – the Crusades and World War II. This thesis studies both of these events with the intention of identifying cosmopolitan behaviors and non-cosmopolitan behaviors, and determining how these behaviors impacted the relationships between the religious groups involved. Later, obstacles that stand between religious groups and cosmopolitanism are acknowledged, and methods of overcoming those obstacles are discussed. This thesis finds that the proceedings of the two aforementioned events suggest that cosmopolitanism does indeed possess the potential to reduce the frequency and severity of interreligious conflicts. However, it concedes that cosmopolitanism might be incapable of preventing such conflicts before certain changes are made to some modern religions.