Upper Extremity Biomechanics of Children with Spinal Cord Injury during Wheelchair Mobility

Citation data:

2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)

Publication Year:
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Repository URL:
https://epublications.marquette.edu/bioengin_fac/349; https://epublications.marquette.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1352&context=bioengin_fac
Schnorenberg, Alyssa J.; Slavens, Brooke A.; Graf, Adam; Krzak, Joseph J.; Vogel, Lawrence C.; Harris, Gerald F.
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers; e-Publications@Marquette
Biomechanics; Elbow; Joints; Manuals; Propulsion; Wheelchairs; Wrist; Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering
conference paper description
While much work is being done evaluating the upper extremity joint dynamics of adult manual wheelchair propulsion, limited work has examined the pediatric population of manual wheelchair users. Our group used a custom pediatric biomechanical model to characterize the upper extremity joint dynamics of 12 children and adolescents with spinal cord injury (SCI) during wheelchair propulsion. Results show that loading appears to agree with that of adult manual wheelchair users, with the highest loading primarily seen at the glenohumeral joint. This is concerning due to the increased time of wheelchair use in the pediatric population and the impact of this loading during developmental years. This research may assist clinicians with improved mobility assessment methods, wheelchair prescription, training, and long-term care of children with orthopaedic disabilities.