A Jury of One’s "Peers": Felon Jury Exclusion and Racial Inequality in Georgia Courts

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Justice System Journal

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https://epublications.marquette.edu/socs_fac/47; https://epublications.marquette.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1046&context=socs_fac
Wheelock, Darren
National Center for State Courts; e-Publications@Marquette
Social and Behavioral Sciences
article description
African-Americans are overrepresented in felony convictions and, thus, more likely to be excluded from jury service. This study examines the potential impact of felon jury exclusion on the proportion of African-Americans that remain eligible for jury service. Results indicate that felon jury exclusion dramatically reduces the pool of eligible African-Americans statewide by nearly one-third. Furthermore, the level of exclusion for all groups is concentrated in areas with higher African-American populations. When limiting the analysis to African-Americans, however, counties with low African-American populations tend to have the highest levels of African-American exclusion. OLS regression models support the notion that the concentration of African-Americans at the county level is a significant factor in all three model specifications. The nature of this relationship, however, changes dramatically across the models.