Temporal onset of synapsin I gene expression coincides with neuronal differentiation during the development of the nervous system.

Citation data:

The Journal of comparative neurology, ISSN: 0021-9967, Vol: 342, Issue: 3, Page: 449-62

Publication Year:
1994
Usage 44
Abstract Views 44
Captures 34
Readers 34
Citations 47
Citation Indexes 47
Repository URL:
https://escholarship.umassmed.edu/gsbs_sp/852
PMID:
8021345
DOI:
10.1002/cne.903420311
Author(s):
Melloni, Richard H.; DeGennaro, Louis J.
Publisher(s):
Wiley
Tags:
Neuroscience; Life Sciences; Medicine and Health Sciences
article description
Synapsin I is the best characterized member of a family of nerve terminal-specific phosphoproteins implicated in the regulation of neurotransmitter release. During development, the expression of synapsin I correlates temporally and topographically with synapse formation, and recent physiological studies (Lu et al. [1992] Neuron 8:521-529.) have suggested that synapsin I may participate in the functional maturation of synapses. To better understand the temporal relationship between synapsin I gene expression and particular cellular events during neuronal development, we have used in situ hybridization histochemistry to localize synapsin I mRNA throughout the rat central and peripheral nervous systems during embryonic and postnatal development. From the earliest embryonic time points assayed (E12), the expression of the synapsin I gene was detectable in both the central and peripheral nervous systems. While, in general, levels of synapsin I mRNAs were high in utero, synapsin I cDNA probes revealed specific patterns of hybridization in different regions of the embryonic nervous system. To determine precisely the temporal onset of expression of the synapsin I gene during neuronal development, we examined in detail the appearance of synapsin I mRNA during the well characterized postnatal development of granule cells of the rat cerebellum and hippocampus. In both regions, the onset of synapsin I gene expression correlated with the period of stem cell commitment to terminal differentiation. Finally, our data demonstrate that, in a second phase, synapsin I gene expression increases to a maximum for a given neuronal population during a particular phase of differentiation, i.e., synaptogenesis.