Induction of Japanese encephalitis virus-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes in humans by poxvirus-based JE vaccine candidates

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Vaccine, ISSN: 0264-410X, Vol: 16, Issue: 8, Page: 842-849

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Konishi, Eiji; Kurane, Ichiro; Mason, Peter W.; Shope, Robert E.; Kanesa-Thasan, Niranjan; Smucny, John J.; Hoke, Charles H., Jr; Ennis, Francis A.
Elsevier BV
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology; Immunology and Microbiology; Veterinary; Medicine; Immunity; Immunology and Infectious Disease; Immunology of Infectious Disease; Infectious Disease; Virology
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Poxvirus-based recombinant Japanese encephalitis (JE) vaccine candidates, NYVAC-JEV and ALVAC-JEV, were examined for their ability to induce JE virus-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) in a phase I clinical trial. These vaccine candidates encoded the JE virus premembrane (prM), envelope (E) and non-structural 1 (NS1) proteins. The volunteers received subcutaneous inoculations with each of these candidates on days 0 and 28, and blood was drawn 2 days before vaccination and on day 58. Anti-E and anti-NS1 antibodies were elicited in most vaccinees inoculated with NYVAC-JEV and in some vaccinees inoculated with ALVAC-JEV. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) obtained from approximately one half of vaccines showed positive proliferation in response to stimulation with live JE virus. Cytotoxic assays demonstrated the presence of JE virus-specific CTLs in in vitro -stimulated PBMCs obtained from two NYVAC-JEV and two ALVAC-JEV vaccinees. Cell depletion tests using PBMCs from one NYVAC-JEV recipient indicated that the phenotype of CTLs was CD8 + CD4 −.