Distal and Proximal Religiosity as Protective Factors for Adolescent and Emerging Adult Alcohol Use.
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Religions, ISSN: 2077-1444, Vol: 6, Issue: 2, Page: 365-384
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- https://works.bepress.com/rosalie_torresstone/28; https://works.bepress.com/amy_wachholtz/38; https://escholarship.umassmed.edu/oapubs/2579
- Arts and Humanities; addiction; adolescence; alcohol use; childhood adversity; emerging adulthood; religion; spirituality; Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms; Psychiatric and Mental Health; Psychiatry; Religion; Substance Abuse and Addiction
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Data from emerging adults (ages 18-29, = 900) in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication Study was used to examine the influence of childhood and emerging adult religiosity and religious-based decision-making, and childhood adversity, on alcohol use. Childhood religiosity was protective against early alcohol use and progression to later abuse or dependence, but did not significantly offset the influence of childhood adversity on early patterns of heavy drinking in adjusted logistic regression models. Religiosity in emerging adulthood was negatively associated with alcohol use disorders. Protective associations for religiosity varied by gender, ethnicity and childhood adversity histories. Higher religiosity may be protective against early onset alcohol use and later development of alcohol problems, thus, should be considered in prevention programming for youth, particularly in faith-based settings. Mental health providers should allow for integration of clients' religiosity and spirituality beliefs and practices in treatment settings if clients indicate such interest.