Women at war: understanding how women veterans cope with combat and military sexual trauma.

Citation data:

Social science & medicine (1982), ISSN: 1873-5347, Vol: 74, Issue: 4, Page: 537-45

Publication Year:
2012
Usage 8706
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Citations 98
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Repository URL:
https://escholarship.umassmed.edu/wfc_pp/560
PMID:
22236641
DOI:
10.1016/j.socscimed.2011.10.039
Author(s):
Mattocks, Kristin M.; Haskell, Sally; Krebs, Erin; Justice, Amy C.; Yano, Elizabeth M.; Brandt, Cynthia A.
Publisher(s):
Elsevier BV
Tags:
Social Sciences; Arts and Humanities; Coping; Adaptation; Mental health; Sexual harassment; Stress; Trauma; Women; Iraq; Afghanistan; USA; Veterans; War; *Adaptation, Psychological; Adult; Anxiety Disorders; Depressive Disorder, Major; Female; Humans; Interviews as Topic; Iraq War, 2003-2011; Middle Aged; Rape; Sexual Harassment; Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic; United States; Veterans; Young Adult; Military and Veterans Studies; Psychiatry and Psychology; Women's Health
article description
The wars in Iraq (Operation Iraqi Freedom, OIF) and Afghanistan (Operation Enduring Freedom, OEF) have engendered a growing population of US female veterans, with women now comprising 15% of active US duty military personnel. Women serving in the military come under direct fire and experience combat-related injuries and trauma, and are also often subject to in-service sexual assaults and sexual harassment. However, little is known regarding how women veterans cope with these combat and military sexual trauma experiences once they return from deployment. To better understand their experiences, we conducted semi-structured interviews with nineteen OEF/OIF women veterans between January-November 2009. Women veterans identified stressful military experiences and post-deployment reintegration problems as major stressors. Stressful military experiences included combat experiences, military sexual trauma, and separation from family. Women had varying abilities to address and manage stressors, and employed various cognitive and behavioral coping resources and processes to manage their stress.