Numerical Simulation of Catalytic Ozone Decomposition Reaction in a Gas-solids Circulating Fluidized Bed Riser

Publication Year:
2012
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Repository URL:
https://ir.lib.uwo.ca/etd/723; https://ir.lib.uwo.ca/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2062&context=etd
Author(s):
Kong, Lei
Tags:
computational fluid dynamics (CFD); circulating fluidized bed (CFB) risers; gas‐solids two‐phase flow; catalytic ozone decomposition reaction; specularity coefficient; particle‐wall restitution coefficient; Catalysis and Reaction Engineering; Computer-Aided Engineering and Design
article description
Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling of catalytic ozone decomposition reaction in a circulating fluidized bed (CFB) riser using iron impregnated FCC particles as catalyst is carried out. The catalytic reaction is defined as a one-step reaction with an empirical coefficient. Eularian-Eularian method with kinetic theory of granular flow is used to solve the gas-solids two-phase flow in the CFB riser. The simulation results are compared with experimental data, with the reaction rate modified using an empirical coefficient to provide better simulation results than the original reaction rate. Moreover, the particle size has great effects on the reaction rate. Studies on solid particle distribution show that the influence of wall boundary condition, determined by specularity coefficient and particle-wall restitution coefficient, plays a major role in the solids lateral velocity that affects the solids distribution in the riser. The generality of the CFD model is further validated under different operating conditions of the riser.