Measurement of crack opening stresses and crack closure stress profiles from heat generation in vibrating cracks

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Applied Physics Letters, ISSN: 0003-6951, Vol: 93, Issue: 8, Page: 81914

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Renshaw, Jeremy Blake; Holland, Stephen D.; Thompson, R. Bruce
AIP Publishing
Physics and Astronomy; stress corrotion cracking; vibration; heating; force and energy; weights and measures; nondestructive testing; nondestructive evaluation; CNDE; Materials Science and Engineering; Ames Laboratory
article description
A method is described to measure crack opening stresses and closure stress profiles of a surface-breaking crack. Vibration is used to generate frictional heat by rubbing crack face asperities. Heat is generated at regions of contacting crack asperities under low, but nonzero, closure stress. Increasing force is applied to incrementally open the crack and measure the locations of crack heating as a function of applied load. Surface crack closure stresses are approximated from the heating locations as the load is varied and the crack opening stress is measured from the load required to fully open the crack and terminate heat generation. © 2008 American Institute of Physics.