Winter wheat

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Vol: 2, Issue: 15

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James Wilson; C. F. Curtiss; D. A. Kent
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Fourteen varieties of winter wheat sown by director Speer,, were found growing on the Station grounds when we took charge in January. Eight varieties, viz.: The Hybrid Lamed, Hybrid Dattel, "Found in Golden Cross," Pool, Jones White Fife, Early Red Clawson, Turkish Red, and Golden Cross, were grown on fair sized plats (averaging about one-fourth of an acre), but the remaining six, viz. : The Johnson, Willits, Roberts, Bailey, and Stewarts, were grown on areas too small for a very satisfactory test. All varieties had been sown between the dates of September 5th and 15th, on what appeared to have been fall plowed corn ground. The seeding had been done broadcast, and the ground smoothly harrowed. The soil was upland clay loam with timber adjoining, about fifteen rods distant, on two sides. No snow of any account fell until the fore part of February. Through February and the first half of March, snow fell frequently and quite abundantly so that the ground was covered during a greater part of this time. Several varieties winter-killed quite badly. The Hybrid Lamed was about half dead in the spring. The Hybrid Dattel though not so badly killed as the Lamed, was looking thin and weak. Both of these varieties were weak and backward during the entire season and made a poor crop. The variety “Found in Golnen Cross,” wintered well and looked vigorous from the start. The stand, excepting a few bare spots, was good. April 23d it stood five inches high, and was harvested July 11th , at a medium height, free from rust and disease. The berry was medium sized, dark colored, and hard. In taking notes on the Pool wheat, April 23d, we wrote: “About two-thirds of a stand— uneven— nearly all dead in spots, but stooling remarkably well.” A surprising growth and improvement took place in this variety during the growing season. It grew strong and luxuriant, ripened with a golden hue, and was practically healthy. The berry was a little uneven in size, but very hard. The Jones White Fife was the most promising looking variety on the grounds. It made a beautiful growth, stood the winter well, and the stand was good. It has a slightly pubescent leaf and long well filled heads. This variety was free from disease, but lodged a little before ripening. The berry was plump and even. The Early Red Clawson wintered fairly well, except in low spots. It stood erect, and ripened free from rust, but blighted some.